The ScienceLine electrodes from Schott have proven themselves as heavyduty laboratory electrodes for practically all applications in the laboratory and in the field.
These electrodes not only offer the maximum measuring accuracy and measuring consistency ,with optimum sensor service life, but also a maximum adaptibility for all your applications, even at high temperatures.
Making sure you have the right electrode and meter for your application can be confusing, not to mention correct maintenance and what to do if you are having issues. You can find links to our support guides below to help you through the process.
If you are after an electrode selector guide for some of our most popular electrodes and what applications they are recommended for you can find that below.
An introduction to pH
pH, put simply is a measure of how acidic or basic a solution is. It is a measure of H+ions present.
pH can be measured in a number of ways including test strips, indicator solution or with a pH meter and electrode. If you want to read more about the pH and the pros and cons of these methods, you can check out our introduction guide here.
How to take a pH reading and care for your electrode
pH electrodes require the correct storage and regular calibration.
If you have a pH meter or are looking to purchase and need to find out more about the care and maintenance process then you can read our guide here. We also include a troubleshoot sections with the most reported issues and possible solutions.
Selecting the right electrode and meter for your application
So you have decided you need to purchase a pH meter with electrode, but with such a wide selection out there, how do you know which is right for you?
You can read our guide on the differences between electrodes and what applications different features are good for. We also have an electrode selection guide for some of our most popular electrodes.
If you require any further assistance, or extra information you can request that here and one of our trained technical specialists will be in contact. Please provide as much detail as possible so that we can get back to you with the right information.
When selecting filter paper, these parameters should be taken into consideration.
|Ash content/residue on ignition||The ash content is determined in accordance with DIN 54370. To obtain this 10 g filter paper is weighed before and after ignition in a platinum crucible at 800 °C. The results are expressed as % of original paper weight.|
|Dry bursting strength||For determination of the dry bursting strength the paper is clamped over a rubber diaphragm with
an area of 10 cm2. The strain on the paper is then increased by applying an increasing air pressure,
until the paper bursts. The dry bursting strength in accordance with DIN 53113 is stated in KPa.
|Tensile strength||For determination of the tensile strength, a paper strip (measuring 180 x 15 mm) is subjected to vertical strain by applying increasing weight. The force expended at the moment of tearing represents
the tensile strength. Results are expressed in N/15 mm.
|Thickness||The thickness of a paper is measured with a touch pressure device. Especially for soft and creped
papers it is important that the touch pressure is not too high. Otherwise, the papers are compressed
and a falsely low thickness is obtained.
|Filtration speed||For determination of the filtration speed in accordance with DIN 53137 the duration of flow of 10 mL distilled water through a quadrant-folded, freely suspended filter circle of 12.5 cm diameter is measured. Results are expressed in seconds.|
|Basis weight||The basis weight is determined for a sample of 10 x 10 cm. It is measured in g/m2.|
|Gurley test||The Gurley test measures the time required for filtration of 100 mL air at a water column pressure of 31 mm. The sample has an area of ¼ sq. inch.|
|Wet strength||The wet strength of a paper is a measure for the mechanical stability of a paper in a wet or moist condition. For example, it can be determined as the tensile strength or the bursting strength (see above).|
The retention efficiency of a filter paper is influenced by several factors. Since filter papers are deep bed filters, one usually refers to a mean particle retention.
|Capillary rise according to Klemm||The capillary rise according to Klemm indicates how far a strip of filter paper is moistened in 10 min when vertically dipped with one end into distilled water (20 °C).|
|Particle retention||Particle retention refers to the efficiency of filter papers in retaining certain precipitates. It is characterized by the permeability of the paper for precipitates of iron(III) oxyhydrate, lead sulfate, calcium oxalate and barium sulfate.|